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Costituzione Srl - Studio Paci Milano

Incorporation of an Italian Srl

In the Italian business landscape, the S.r.l. (Società a Responsabilità Limitata, Limited Liability Company) is considered the ideal corporate form for those intent on developing and consolidating their business.

The S.r.l. provides managerial flexibility and the ability to customize the internal structure, thus allowing the articles of incorporation and bylaws to be shaped according to the shareholders' specific needs.

Further details will reveal one of the most noteworthy benefits of the S.r.l.—limited liability: shareholders are accountable only up to the amount of the share capital they have contributed, safeguarding their personal assets from business liabilities.

The S.r.l. ensures a distinct separation between the shareholders' personal assets and the assets dedicated to business activities, offering a protective barrier for individual interests against potential business hazards.

These significant advantages have led to a marked increase in incorporating Limited Liability Companies in Italy in recent years. This corporate structure is fitting for both burgeoning startups and small to medium-sized businesses that are in operation and seek to organize themselves more effectively.


Incorporating a Limited Liability Company (Srl) in Italy is a structured process entailing several crucial steps to ensure the corporate entity is properly established and compliant with Italian legislation.

The key tasks involved in incorporating an S.r.l. include:

  • Share Capital, Articles of Incorporation, and Bylaws: One must first determine the share capital, which is the initial monetary contribution from each shareholder to the company. This sum should be ample to cover at least the startup costs of the S.r.l. The articles of incorporation and bylaws are prepared by a Notary.

  • Corporate Bylaws: Drafted alongside the articles of incorporation, the bylaws govern the company's operations, detailing the aggregate share capital, the administrators' roles and responsibilities, and the business's purpose.

  • VAT Number and Tax Code: Assigned by the Revenue Agency.

  • Business Registry Enrollment

  • Starting of Operations: Following the previous steps, the official start date must be formally communicated to the Revenue Agency and the Business Registry updated. Additional notifications to other bodies may be required depending on the business sector.

  • Validation of Corporate Books: Corporate books that record decisions and business transactions must be authenticated by a Notary.


What is an S.R.L.?

A Limited Liability Company (S.R.L.) is a corporate form with legal personality, where the shareholders' liability is confined to the amount of the share capital they have subscribed to.

This implies that shareholders are not personally liable for corporate debts, being accountable only to the extent of their invested capital. The S.R.L. is a prevalent corporate structure in Italy, particularly among small and medium-sized enterprises.

What are the primary types of S.r.l. one can incorporate?

There are primarily two S.R.L. types one can incorporate: the "standard" S.R.L. and the simplified S.R.L. (S.R.L.S). The standard S.R.L. demands a minimum share capital of 10,000 euros, while the S.R.L.S, established in 2012, allows for a share capital ranging from 1 to 9,999 euros.

What is meant by "limited liability" in an S.R.L.?

Limited liability in an S.R.L. refers to the shareholders not being personally accountable for the company's debts, only to the extent of their invested capital.

This denotes that, should the company face insolvency, creditors can only target the company's assets, not the personal assets of the shareholders.

How is an S.r.l. incorporated?

Incorporating an S.R.L. necessitates a series of steps, including drafting the bylaws and articles of incorporation, capital contribution, obtaining a VAT number, and executing the incorporation act before a notary. The company must also be registered in the Business Registry.

What constitutes the articles of incorporation?

The articles of incorporation for an S.r.l. must be in written form, containing essential details such as the company name, business purpose, share capital, shareholder information, and operational guidelines. The articles must be publicly recorded.

How many shareholders are needed to incorporate an S.R.L.?

Incorporating an S.r.l. requires at least one shareholder. There is no upper limit on the number of shareholders that can be involved.

What is the minimum capital required for incorporating an S.r.l. (including single-member companies), and what amount must be paid?

The minimum required share capital for incorporating an S.r.l. is 10,000 euros.

For a single-member S.R.L., the entire share capital must be paid upon incorporation.

What are the primary advantages of an S.r.l.?

  • Limited Shareholder Liability: A key benefit of an SRL is the shareholders' limited liability to the amount of the subscribed share capital, protecting them from being personally accountable for corporate debts.

  • Personal Asset Protection: The limited liability shields shareholders' personal assets in the event of company insolvency.

  • Increased Funding Opportunities: An SRL can raise more funds than other legal entities since shareholders may also contribute financially.

  • Professional Image: An SRL can project a more professional business image than other legal structures.

  • Statutory Freedom: An SRL offers significant leeway in statutory matters.

  • Flexible Share Capital: The required share capital for an SRL can be tailored to the business needs.

  • Organizational Flexibility: An SRL provides more organizational flexibility compared to other entities, as a board of directors and supervisory board are not mandatory.

What are the main fiscal and accounting obligations of an S.R.L.?

An S.R.L.'s principal fiscal duties include keeping proper accounts, preparing financial statements, filing tax returns, remitting VAT, paying corporate income tax (IRES), regional business tax (IRAP), and the Chamber of Commerce's Annual Fee.

What is the tax regime for an S.r.l.?

S.R.L.s are subject to corporate income tax (IRES) and the regional business tax (IRAP).

How can an S.R.L.'s profits be allocated?

An S.R.L.'s profits can be apportioned to shareholders as dividends after meeting tax responsibilities and establishing mandatory reserves. The shareholders' assembly must approve profit distribution.

Should profits be distributed to shareholders, the S.r.l. must remit an additional 26% as a withholding tax.

For tailored support in incorporating your S.r.l., please contact us.

Studio Paci's seasoned expertise enables us to deliver bespoke, superior services.

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